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The Central Facts Of Wood Flooring

By Toby Payne

Wood flooring refers to products that are manufactured from timber. These structures may be used for aesthetic or structural flooring. Wood is a common material used when it comes to flooring because of its environmental qualities, restorability and durability. Bamboo floors may also be classified under this category, although these are typically constructed from a grass bamboo and not timber.

Engineered and solid are two of the main kinds available. In these types there is also a wide spectrum of quality. Solid types are constructed from planks milled using one piece of timber. They were originally constructed for structural support purposes and were placed perpendicular to joists or bearers. The increase in concrete subfloor has meant that solid wood flooring is mostly applied for its appearance.

The engineered kind is made from multiple wood layers that are in the form of a plank. The top layer is called a lamella. This is the part of the floor that is visibly seen after installation. The stability of engineered types makes it universal and easy to apply below, on grade or above subfloors. In fact, the engineered is the most common type of wood floor. The various styles of engineered materials: veneer, laminate and vinyl, acrylic impregnated, sawn or timber.

Each of these styles have their own traits. The solid styles are typically site-finished. They always come in plank form and are normally much thicker than engineered types. The most common installation method is nailing in the planks. With engineered versions, edges are bevelled. Usually these structures are prefinished and rarely are they site-finished. Installation can be done by gluing of the plans or the floating strategy. In addition to being stable and universal, these kinds are much easier to install, and replace or repair.

Professionals or homeowners may do installation. The floors may be manufactured using a range of installation systems, including: glue-down, floor connection systems, click systems, tongue-and-groove. The glue-down technique is quite popular when concrete subfloors are present or parquet flooring is being installed. Some engineered floors may be put in this way. There are many kinds of floor connection systems. The basic principle of this technique is to connect planks together using the grooves and unconnected pieces.

There are various kinds of click systems that can be applied. No adhesive is used with these systems. Still, the boards are angled or tapped into position. A plank must have a groove on one end and side, and a tongue on the other side and end with tongue-groove-installations. These parts are put together and there is no seam line after they have been joined. Dry solid sawn, slice-peel and rotary-peel are other manufacture styles.

Water-based polyurethane and oil-modified Urethane are the two popular finishes used today. In both categories there are variations. Different maintenance and refinishing regimes are used with these two types. Oil floors have been around for centuries. It is the most popular floor finish used around the world. The 1940s marked the introduction of the polyurethane floors. There are several different kinds and the two most common are water-based polyurethane and oil-modified polyurethane.

Timber is used to construct wood flooring. This material is common and well-liked because of its restorability, environmental traits and lasting power. There are various finishes, styles and installation processes used with this kind of flooring.

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